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Waste Disposal Improvements: A Look at Landfills

March 10, 2022 davidcrossan@googlemail.com Comments Off

Ask them and they will tell you that no one enjoys landfills. It’s easy to see why; it’s unsightly, smells bad, and clearly causes health risks
to individuals and the environment. As a nation, we’re progressively improving at reducing the amount of waste we send to landfill and
recycling our waste rather than simply throwing it away in bins or skips. However, you may be interested to learn that landfills are evolving
with us, and those responsible for their management are working to minimise their negative consequences. Listed below are a few of the
ways they’ve improved.

Starts off difficultly

The early landfills were precisely what they sounded like: enormous man-made pits in the ground into which trash was simply deposited
and, frequently carelessly deposited, sealed. Plants and flora were planted on the topsoil, but they died almost immediately as a result of
the methane gas generated by the rotting waste beneath them. Meanwhile, the underground pits had no barrier or covering between them
and the surrounding soil, exposing them to leachates, a technical name for the water that flowed through the trash, picking up toxins
along the way, which were frequently transferred into nearby streams or rivers.

Above-ground waste was frequently burned openly, posing a significant threat to climate change and a serious risk to human health.
Meanwhile, it was recognised that unchecked landfill gases drifted offsite, posing explosion threats elsewhere.

Identify, Identify, Identify

When it comes to health, nobody nowadays takes shortcuts. To compensate for these deficiencies, modern landfills are subject to a slew
of restrictions and are considerably more closely monitored for possible hazards. Their air and water emissions, in particular, are far more
strictly regulated, severely restricting their potential for damage.

Nowadays, landfills are constructed far from human habitation, in carefully selected locations that meet a number of stringent criteria. Two
of the primary problems are structural integrity and environmental health; fault zones and floodplains are two examples of sites where
municipalities are almost always prohibited from building landfills, for obvious reasons. Exceptions are permitted only if councils can
demonstrate that they have earthquake and flood protection measures in place. Natural rivers and streams are also considered, with an
emphasis on their protection from contamination.

Carrying Out The Dirty Work

After a contemporary waste site is constructed, its layout is rigorously monitored. At any given time, trash is deposited only in specific
“active” zones, providing for more control over the waste’s decomposition and making it easier to collect gas emissions and leachate
products. Rather than allowing these gathered gas emissions to escape into the atmosphere, the majority of British garbage sites now
trap them and use them to power turbines. These turbines then generate electricity that is fed directly into the national grid, where it is
used to power our homes and businesses. Indeed, the waste management sector is the single largest provider of renewable energy in the
UK, accounting for up to 25% of total generation”the majority of which comes from landfill gas.

Additionally, attention is paid to the machines that operate the landfills, which are constantly adjusted to improve their efficiency. When a
site reaches its carrying capacity, its management is legally obligated to oversee its restoration so that it can be used for agricultural
purposes or natural conservation in the future.

That is not rubbish!

Naturally, this is what happens to all of the waste that ends up in landfills. A large portion of our waste never makes it that far. We’ve
already discussed how far we’ve come as a nation in terms of recycling. The UK continues to adhere to the Landfill Legislation, a 2001
EU directive that establishes biodegradable targets and universal technical criteria for all landfills. Meanwhile, the British government’s
landfill tax makes it more expensive for councils to ship waste to landfills, forcing them to invest more in their local recycling systems.

We are delighted to be a part of that recycling system at CKB Skip Hire. We are committed to environmental causes and recycle as much
rubbish as humanly possible. Not only that, but our approach is straightforward, and we take care of the majority of the work for you. You
can read more about our method here, or simply fill out our online form to receive a fast skip hire quote!

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